Control of -SemiAutogenous Grinding(SAG) mill weight is an example of an important process that exhibits many of these aspects. Maintaining the SAG mill weight at the optimum value is critical for achieving maximum grind rate efficiency and mill production (Powell, M.S., van der Westhuizen, A.P., & Mainza, A.N. 2009).

An industrial example of its use is for the problem of SAG mill feed rate control, shown in Figure 12, which is notoriously difficult for a PID controller due to the long dead time. Figure 13 shows the results of on/off testing comparing Dahlin and PID control. Jean Rasczak. 6 years ago. Jean Rasczak 6 years ago.

Originally this control system was called "Smart Switch", but now has With the underlying control structure in place, the next part of the control been termed "The Fimiston SAG Mill Control System". system that needed to be developed was the control logic that decides whether to turn on the tonnage control system or whether to turn on ...

Products. The Manta Cube ® system can be used to control various processing units and has been successfully used for SAG Mill Control, Ball Mill Control, Flotation Control, Thickener Control, CCD Control and more. The Manta Cube ® utilises advanced control fundamentals, including constraint control, feed forward control, expert system control ...

The first successfully implemented multivariable process control (MPC) is described for a SAG mill circuit in a bauxite processing refinery at Wagerup, Australia (Refs: Gopinath, Mathur et al, 1995 and Le Page, Freeman et al 1996, Luse, Mathur et al 1997). The MPC

Evolution of SAG mill process control at the Xstrata Nickel Raglan Operation. In: Paper #28 presented at the 40th Annual Meeting of the Canadian Mineral Processors, Jan 22–24, 2008, Ottawa, ON, Canada, pp. 445–464. Google Scholar. and Craig, 2007. M. , I.K. Craig. Economic assessment of advanced process control – a survey and ...

The basic goals of SAG mill control using these new signals is to increase and stabilize the throughput of material through the mill to cut specific energy consumption and extend liner life. This is accomplished by performing the following steps: 1.

fuzzy SAG mill control system. Although, while relatively unknown, fuzzy control systems have already proven their value in a number of grinding control systems as compared to more traditional crisp expert control systems. This partially due to the fact that fuzzy logic is naturally easy to understand and maintaining a control strategy specified in

SAG mill control fundamentally means managing the load in the mill by adjusting the feed rate of ore to the mill and/or manipulating the rotational speed of the mill. The best way to measure load is to mount the mill on load cells. The load cells are calibrated to measure the total weight of water, grinding media (balls) and ore in the mill ...

Gearless mill drive (GMD) technology has further expanded the use of large SAG milling allowing Outotec to produce the world's largest SAG mill of 42' in diameter drawing power at 28 MW. Today, Outotec is the world leading supplier of gearless SAG mills operating globally. Premier™ horizontal grinding mills - Engineered to excel.

SAG Mill Control Instability: Causes and Solutions. Oscillatory unstable behaviour in a SAG mill is characterised by the mill constantly cycling between an overload condition and recovery from that condition by a substantial reduction in feed rate tonnes. Such behaviour is commonplace with SAG mills and gives rise to a significant overall ...

concentrator site in order to tightly control the weight in the SAG mill to promote optimum grinding. This stra-tegy has improved mill throughput by 5.9%, reduced feed variability by 5.6%, and reduced energy consumption per tonne by 5.4%. Once BrainWave was installed, the improvement was noticeable immediately. Optimal operating conditions

The SAG mill and all other grinding equipment is remotely monitored and controlled via computer from a central control room. The control room operator watches four video terminals and a CCTV monitor to keep track of critical process variables impacting mill throughput.

SAG mill discharge control is quite involved due to few interactive variables, such as mill discharge sump level, classification hydro-cyclone variables (feed density, flow and pressure) and water feed rate to the sump. Model predictive control (MPC), which is a multi-input multi-output (MIMO) controller, is very suitable for this purpose. ...

The running largest SAG mill is more than 13 meters in diameter, the full automatic control of the SAG mill has already been developed and applied, and now it is being gradually accepted and used in gold industry. Technical Parameters of SAG Mill. The capacity of the SAG mill is related to lots of factors such as feed size, size distribution ...

SAG mills grinding media includes some large and hard rocks, filled rate of 9% – 20%. SAG mill grind ores through impact, attrition, abrasion forces. In practice, for a given ore and equal processing conditions, the AG milling has a finer grind than SAG mills. How does a sag mill work?

SAG mills are primarily used at gold, copper and platinum mines where steel balls are used for the grinding. The Manta Controls Advanced Control System, called the SAG Cube, automatically monitors and controls a SAG Mill, keeping track of critical process variables impacting mill throughput.

SAG Mill process control classically maintains the SAG mill volumetric filling within a set operating range. Typically a SAG mill weight measurement, by either bearing pressure transducers or load cells, is used as an inferred measurement of volumetric filling. To maintain volumetric filling within a set operating range the SAG weight setpoint use for process control requires regular review ...

Figures 8 and 9 on the right show results from a gold plant's SAG mill achieved with MillStar's Segregated Ore Feed Controller combined with the Power Optimiser: • The standard deviation of the mill feed control is greatly reduced. • The cyclone feed is more stable, allowing for consistent size separation and feed to downstream processes.

SAG mill control fundamentally means managing the load in the mill by adjusting the feed rate of ore to the mill and/or manipulating the rotational speed of the mill. The best way to measure load is to mount the mill on load cells. The load cells are calibrated to measure the total weight of water, grinding media (balls) and ore in the mill ...

SAG mill. SAG is an acronym for semi-autogenous grinding. SAG mills are autogenous mills that also use grinding balls like a ball mill. A SAG mill is usually a primary or first stage grinder. SAG mills use a ball charge of 8 to 21%. The largest SAG mill is 42' (12.8m) in diameter, powered by a …

Flow Control has become a separately listed independent company called Neles. Neles is a flow control solutions and services provider for oil and gas refining, pulp, paper and the bioproducts industry, chemicals, and other process industries. The company's valves and valve automation technologies are known for quality, reliability and ...

In general, the SAG mill manufacturers will control the addition amount of medium such as steel ball at 2-8%, so that the capacity of semi SAG mill to process materials can be increased by 10-30%. The SAG mill liners wear will increase by 15% due to the impact of medium such as steel ball during the SAG mill …

We have an application in a SAG Mill where we have installed an electronic ear in order to listen the noise produced by the balls falling to the bottom of the mill. Our idea is to convert the amplitude and frequency of noise to a 4-20mA signal (or something else) in order to determine if the ball is crushing the mineral or the mill lining.

In a SAG mill, the speed control system is a nonlinear and strongly coupled multivariable system. The proportional integral (PI) vector control method is used in the mill control system . The PI vector control method cannot meet the requirements of high-performance control when the mill speed control system is subjected to external disturbance.

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By combining with SAG discharge and screening on the SAG discharge screens, top size control to the ball-mill circuit feed is maintained while still unloading the SAG circuit (Mosher et al, 2006). A variant of this method is to direct pebble-crushing circuit product to the ball-mill sump for secondary milling: while convenient, this has the ...

Enhanced mill performance. SAGwise total process control uses specially designed acoustic sensors and proprietary process control software to monitor and respond to critical impacts inside your SAG Mill. Conditions inside your mill are automatically adjusted to minimise liner damage, stabilise and then optimise the operation of a SAG Mill.

Single stage SAG Mills are very beneficial in reducing CAPEX for plants with a staged throughput approach. When future tonnage is to be increased, the SAG Mill can feed downstream ball milling to boost capacity. Fuller-Traylor SAG/AG Mills range in size from 4.3m through 12.2m in diameter with powers as high as 28,000 kW.

SAG mill control proportional to the mass of balls within mill: dB In general terms, the benefits sought from improved ¼ Bi BrB ð4Þ primary grinding circuit control include increasing through- dt put at the desired grind size, reduction of grinding ball The remaining modelling equations comprise mass balance consumption and minimisation of ...

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